FAMILY NAME: ROBBERSTAD OR RUBBERSTAD
RUBBERSTAD IS PRONOUNCED ROOBBERSTAAD
ALSO COULD BE SPELLED RØBBERSTÆD.
LOWERCASE WOULD LOOK LIKE THIS røbberstæd.
NEVER SEEN THESE VERSIONS THOUGH.
FAMILY TOWN: RUBBERSTADNESET ON BØMLO ISLAND AND STAVANGER, ROGALAND
NORWAY(NORGE)=PRONOUNCED IN NORWEGIAN
AREA: 125,182 sq. mi.
ETHNIC GROUPS NORWEGIAN, SAAMI(LAPPLANDER)
LANGUAGES: NORWEGIAN (NYNORSK),LAPPISH, ENGLISH
CURRNECY: NORWEGIAN KRONE
A SAYING IN NORWEGIAN...
LANDET MID MIDNATTLOLEN
(LAND OF THE MIDNIGHT SUN)
JA, VI ELSKER DETTE LANDET
Now that we have looked at now to digitize the usage of Æ, Ø, and Å in, let’s look at where these characters come from. The basic alphabet used in Norway is of course the same one that we use here in the U.S., with a few additions: The Latin alphabet.
The initial Latin alphabet contained 21 characters was modified by adding two letters: Y and Z, and later, during the Middle Ages, the I was added. The I was later split into I and J, and V was split into U, V and W. This produced the commonly known Latin alphabet today consisting of 26 characters. In addition to the actual characters on the alphabet, accents are used to denote variations of the individual character’s use. The reasons for the new additions were practical: the ability to pronounce “new” words and names often from foreign languages.
The Norsemen started to migrate towards the Latin alphabet in about year 1000, while the Old Norse language and its rune characters were still popular. In much the same way that additional characters were added to the Latin alphabet, the Norwegian alphabet was appended with the additional characters Æ, Ø, and Å. The reason for why these characters were added can be found in that all three characters are vowels. The traditional 21-character Latin language contained five vowels, while the Scandinavian languages contain nine. The “new” vowels were therefore added to accommodate the language.
Æ has been in use in the Nordic countries since the Middle Ages, and is probably the oldest of the characters, as Norsemen started using both the Æ and the Ø in about 700-800. The Viking runes were modified towards the Latin alphabet about 1000, and they looked like this:
The characters as we know them today have also been in use in Latin texts, such as in the name of the most famous Roman emperor: Cæsar. The emperor’s name today is mostly spelled Caesar. A step backwards? Not really. The pronunciation, was different. The Romans would pronounce Æ as “I” so the character was used to describe a different vowel. (It’s the same word as was later adopted by the Germans to mean emperor: “Kaiser” – the Romans always pronounced the C as a K.) In German, the Æ was originally written as an A with a mini-E above it as an accent. This mini-E later evolved into two dots, and this character is still in use in Germany and Sweden today.
In Old English, the Æ was used to pronounce a sound between the A and E. The design of the character stems from being a ligature between of two known characters, and the new character therefore represents both of them as seen here:
In Sweden, the character is third in the alphabet, but in Norwegian, the letter was added to the end of the alphabet.
Ø came about much the same way as Æ at about the same time and one can see that the character is a ligature formed from O and E. It is has been claimed that the design of the character Ø was formed as a ligature of E and O where the center line of the E got combined with the O to form the new character like this:
Could there be another explanation for its formation? Well, it's known that the Germans used a mini-E above an O as an accent. The letter came to Sweden through the printing press technology, something that of course also stems from Germany. This German character later produced the Swedish character Ö and probably eventually evolved into the Norwegian Ø.
The Å was added to the language about 1200-1300, and is therefore the newest character in the Norwegian alphabet. The Å character itself is also of German design, even though it does not occur in the German language today, and the character as we know it today comes from Germany via Sweden. in Swedish, the character represents A and O, while in Norwegian it represents two As:
It was the last character to be added to the alphabet as Aa was used for a long time Norway, instead of the Å, and one can still see the use of the Aa in many names. There is for example a town in Northern Norway named Å. In dictionaries, the entries came first in the alphabet, but later on, the Aa entries came last. The Å was added to the alphabet in 1917-18 as the last character of the Norwegian alphabet.
The Norwegian language also uses different accents even though they are not regarded as different characters. For example, a right-angled accent denotes stressed vowels found in non-Norwegian names and words, something that changes the pronunciation and sometimes also the meaning of the word. Whereas the word “alle” refers to all or everyone, “allé” refers to a wide street often with trees in the center.
A left-slated accent is used in only very limited circumstances, principally to denote the adverb “òg” as opposed to the conjunction “og” and where required in some foreign names and the French character à. Common uses are "à jour" (up to date) and "vis-à-vis" (next to).
The hat-sign accent is used where required in foreign names where the vowel needs to be stressed, and where different pronunciations yield different meanings. For example, the word “fôr” means animal feed, and “for” has the same meanings as in the U.S. The verb "fôre" means to feed animals or to put in a lining in a garmet, while the word "fore" means that you are going to start something or that you up to something. If written in long-hand, this accent is written as a line instead of as a hat, but its use is being phased out, and is no longer required.
old norr is that this is a compound :
rò and bolstað : a good place to live.
The farm is surely old, but not among the oldest
this region. No specific time can be given as there was
never found anything from prehistoric times. A stone axe has been found. The farm belonged to Lysekloster, but
later the farmers bought the land. The first man we hear about is
Anders Robustad, mentioned in 1601. In 1603 the farm
was divided in two : Farm I:
Thomis Romestad was the farmer of the second part in
1603. He was last mentioned in 1624.
Suend Robestadt took over after Thomis in 1624. In 1627,
Robert Robestad got 1/3 of the farm. Knut was the owner
after Suend in 1636, he died 1656 and his widow Kari then
farmed the land until 1662. Bård and Olav took over in
1662. They must be dead i 1666. Nils was the farmer in 1666.
Then there is nothing before 1681.
Farm II :
Mogens Robustad farmed the land from 1603-1612 Svein from
1613-1624. In 1624 he took over farm I. Lauritz Robbestad
farmed the land from 1624-1634 Olluff Robbestad from
1635-36, he died in 1637. Robert got 1/4 of the farm
1627 and in 1636 he took over after Ola. His wife was
called Brita. Robert was a well-to-do man. he paid 1/2 ort more in
taxes than other farmers in the years 1635-36-37. But in
1660 he was so poor that he did not have to pay taxes.
1681 : two farmers
Lars Andersson and Bottolv Anders
lars Andersson was 48 in 1701, died in 1700, married to
Gjøa Nilsdtr (d. 81 years old in 1721)
Lars came to Rubbestad in 1681.
Rasmus was the farmer after Lars Andersson and Ola
Endresson on 1/3 of the original farm in 1712-1716.
Rubbestad had three husmannsplassar :
Stongarvågen, Rubbestadneset and Langholmen.
Satngarvågen became a free farm in 1668, whereas
Rubbestadneset and Langholmen remained husmannsplassar
until 1890 when they became independent farms.
Hans Mækjebakken was a farmer there in 1637 (d. 1687), he
was first married to Brita and then to Anna
Larsdotter. She overlived her husband and married Knut Endresson Hollund.
1. KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1 ROBBERSTAD was born 7.mai.1825 in
Rubbestad, and died 27.september.1894 in Robbestad. He
married BERTA (BRITHA) MALENE HANSDOTTER, daughter of SKULE HANSON.
Notes for KNUT INGEBRIGTSON ROBBERSTAD:
20Han var leilending paa Rubbestad, bykslet bruket etter faren i 1854.
20Children of KNUT ROBBERSTAD and BERTA HANSDOTTER are:
i.BERTA KRISTINE 2 ROBBERSTAD, b. 13.mars.1860, Bremnes sokken Finn E5s; d. 12.mars.1894.=
Notes for BERTA KRISTINE ROBBERSTAD:
201891 paa Diakonisse-Anstalten ,Lovisenberg, Christiania 1894.
Tilsatt ved Stavanger sjukehus. Hun døyde der av tyfus.
2.ii. HANS OLAI ROBBERSTAD, b. 2.september.1862, Stavanger; d. 18.april.1952, Stavanger.
iii. KNUT ROBBERSTAD, b. 1868.
iv. MANGHILD ROBBERSTAD, b. 1869.=3. v. KNUT ROBBERSTAD, b. 24.april.1872, Stavanger; d. 23.november.1939, Stavanger.
vi. BERTA MALENE ROBBERSTAD, b. 1874.
vii. ANNE MALEN ROBBERSTAD, b. 1878, Bremnes sokken Finn E5s; d. 1904.=20 =20
2. HANS OLAI 2 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born
2.september.1862 in Stavanger, and died 18.april.1952 in Stavanger. He married LINA NILSDATTER TJENSVOLD.
20Children of HANS ROBBERSTAD and LINA TJENSVOLD are:
4. i. KNUT3 ROBBERSTAD, b. 21.january.1893.
5. ii. KNUT LOUIS ROBBERSTAD, b. 28.february.1941.
6. iii. NILS ROBBERSTAD b. 11.april.1894; d.24.juni.1966.
7. iv. MAGNUS ROBBERSTAD, b. 7.oktober.1895; d.17.juni.1926. 20
3. KNUT2 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born
24.april.1872 in Stavanger, and died 23.november.1939 in Stavanger. He married MARTHA TJENSVOLD.
20Children of KNUT ROBBERSTAD and MARTHA TJENSVOLD are:
i. BERET MALENA 3 ROBBERSTAD, b. 22.november.1897.
8. ii. KNUT ROBBERSTAD, b. 31.january.1899, Stavanger; d. 22.april.1986, =Stavanger.
iii. ERLING ROBBERSTAD, b. 1900; d. 1903.
iv. MARGIT ROBBERSTAD, b. 1902, Vi vet ikke årrstall; d. 1907.
9. v. TRYGVE ROBBERSTAD, b. 25.desember.1904, Robestadneset i Norge; d. New York USA.
10. vi. ARNE MONRAD ROBBERSTAD, b. 20.november.1905, Sandefjord.
11. vii. MARTHON BERNHART ROBBERSTAD, b. 1.january.1915.20 20
4. KNUT3 ROBBERSTAD (HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 21.january.1893. He met JENNY KARTEVOLD 1920.
20Children of KNUT R=OBBERSTAD and JENNY KARTEVOLD are:
12. i. LIV4 ROBBERSTAD, b. 23.juli.1924; d. Stavanger.
ii. AUD ROBBERSTAD, b. 7.desember.1926; m. PER HVIDING.
13. iii. HANS ROBBERSTAD, b. 30.mai.1930, Stavanger.20
5. KNUT LOUIS3 ROBBERSTAD (HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1)
was born 28.february.1941. He married JORUND MARGRETHE HELGESEN 1965.
20Children of KNUT ROBBERSTAD and JORUND HELGESEN are:
i. KNUT HELGE4 ROBBERSTAD, b. 1.mars.1967.
ii. HENNING ROBBERSTAD, b. 17.desember.1968, Stavanger.=20
6. NILS3 ROBBERSTAD (HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was
born 11.april.1894, and died 24.juni.1966. He married EDIT JOHASON 1927.
20Children of NILS ROBBERSTAD and EDIT JOHASON are:
14. i. ROSE MARIE4 ROBBERSTAD, b. 13.juli.1929.
15. ii. HAROLD ROBBERSTAD, b. 17.february.1931; d. 1.mars.1967.
16. iii. PEDER NILS ROBBERSTAD, b. 4.april.1941.20
7. MAGNUS3 ROBBERSTAD (HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was
born 7.oktober.1895, and died 17.juni.1926. He married
INGRID HALDORSEN 1923.
20Children of MAGNUS ROBBERSTAD and INGRID HALDORSEN are:
i. ANNE MARIE4 ROBBERSTAD, b. 30.september.1923; m. BRATLAND, 1967.
17. ii. LINA HELENE ROBBERSTAD, b. 13.november.1925.20
Stavanger. He married ALBERTINE SVENDSEN 27.november.1925
in Stavanger, daughter of LARS SVENDSEN and EMILIE.
20Children of KNUT ROBBERSTAD and ALBERTINE SVENDSEN are:
18. i. KJELL4 ROBBERSTAD, b. 3.november.1926, Stavanger.
19. ii. LASSE EGIL ROBBERSTAD, b. 27.february.1929.
20. iii. KARI RIGMOR ROBBERSTAD, b. 9.desember.1930, Stavanger.
21. iv. BERIT BJØRG ROBBERSTAD, b. 22.april.1934.
22. v. TURID ROBBERSTAD, b. 9.mars.1938.20
9. TRYGVE3 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born
26.desember.1904 in Robestadneset i Norge, and died in New
York USA. He married ESTER 1930.
20Children of TRYGVE ROBBERSTAD and ESTER are:
23. i. DONALD ROBBERSTAD, b. 30.september.1934.
24. ii.MARTHA INGRID ROBBERSTAD.
25. iii.DORAINE ROBBERSTAD. b. 8.april.1933.
iv. iv. PAUL TRYGVE, b. 7.mai.1936; d. 17.august.1948.
v. v. RALPH ROBBERSTAD, b. 22.desember.1937; m. AMRIKANSK, Siatel Wash.
vi. vi. NORMAN ROBBERSTAD, b. 19.juli.1940, USA. 20
10. ARNE MONRAD3 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was
born =20.november.1905 in Sandefjord. He married KAROLINE WALLY.
20Children of ARNE ROBBERSTAD and KAROLINE WALLY are:
26. i. KAARE4 ROBBERSTAD, b. 8.mai.1937.
ii. REIDUN ROBBERSTAD b. 7.februar.1943, Stavanger. =20
11. MARTHON BERNHART3 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT2, KNUT
INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 1.januar.1915. He married MARGRETHE K=ARLSEN.
Notes for MARTHON BERNHART ROBBERSTAD:
20Marthon reiste til USA i 1957. Ekteskapet oppløst i 1962
20Children of MARTHON ROBBERSTAD and MARGRETHE KARLSEN are:
27. i. IDA JANKEN4 ROBBERSTAD, b. 6.september.1949.
28. ii. KNUT INGE ROBBERSTAD, b. 3.september.1945. 20 20
12. LIV4 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT3, HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1)
was born 23.juli.1924, and died in Stavanger. She married OLAV KJØNAAS 1956.
20Children of LIV ROBBERSTAD and OLAV KJØAAS are:
i. KARI5 KJØAAS, b. 2.february.1958, Stavanger.
ii. JANNE KJØAAS , b. 23.september.1959, Oslo. =0
13. HANS4 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT3, HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 30.mai.1930 in Stavanger. He married EVA LUND.
20Children of HANS ROBBERSTAD and EVA LUND are:
i. KNUT5 ROBBERSTAD, b. 15.april.1957, Fredrikstad.
ii. ROLF KETIL ROBBERSTAD, b. 30.september.1959, Bergen.
iii. MARIT-ANNE ROBBERSTAD, b. 17.february.1963, Bergen. =20
14. ROSE MARIE4 ROBBERSTAD (NILS3, HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 13.juli.1929. She married ? 1947.
20Children of ROSE ROBBERSTAD and ? are:
i. DELVA5 ? b. 26.september.1949.
ii. DAWN ?, b. 3.juni.1950.
iii. DENNY ?, b. 28.february.1952.
iv. ROY JOHN ?, b. 1.juli.1953.
v. DALEM ?, b. 4.juni.1955.
vi. DARLIN ?, b. 21.february.1958. =20
15. HAROLD4 ROBBERSTAD (NILS3, HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 17.february.1931, and died 1.mars.1967. He married ? 1948.
20Children of HAROLD ROBBERSTAD and ? are:
i. MICHAEL5 ROBBERSTAD, b. 25.september.1950.
ii. SCHELLY ROBBERSTAD, b. 25.september.1950.
iii. DARBA ROBBERSTAD, b. 31.oktober.1951.
iv. SHARONM ROBBERSTAD, b. 3.february.1953.
v. CYNTIA ROBBERSTA, b. 12.mars.1955.
vi. FARRIL ROBBERSTAD, b. 5.mai.1956. =20
16. PEDER NILS4 ROBBERSTAD (NILS3, HANS OLAI2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 4.april.1941. He married ? 1962.
20Children of PEDER R=OBBERSTAD and ? are:
i. =I=VY5 R=OBBERSTAD, b. 10.mai.1963.
ii. =I=NGER ROBBERSTAD=, b. 26.desember.1964.
iii. =P=EDER ROBBERSTAD=, b. 4.april.1966.
iv. =S=IDVI ROBBERSTAD=, b. 15.mars.1967. =20
17. =L=INA HELENE=4 ROBBERSTAD= (M=AGNUS3, =H=ANS OLAI=2,
=KNUT I=NGEBRIGTSON1) was born =13.november.1925. She married =DOUGLAS S=TRANGE.
20Child of LINA ROBBERSTAD and DOUGLAS STRANGE is:
i. ELIN JENNIFER= STRANGE, b. 1957, adoptivdotter. =0
18. =KJELL4 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1)
was born 3.november.1926 in Stavanger. He married MARIT VISTED, daughter of ALF VISTED.
20Children of KJELL ROBBERSTAD and MARIT VISTED are:
i. ØIVIN5 ROBBERSTAD, b. 22.september.1952, Stavanger; m. KAREN BERNER.
ii. METTE ROBBERSTAD, b. 21.september.1956; m. SVEIN NORBØ, Røldal kirke/Haukeliseter
iii. KNUT ROBBERSTAD, b. 4.august.1961, Stavanger; m. MARIT BERGE= 3.juli.1989, Røldal Kirke/ Haukeliseter. 20
19. LASSE EGIL4 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 27.february.1929. He married KIRSTEN KLOSTER.
20Children of LASSE ROBBERSTAD and KIRSTEN KLOSTER are:
i. LASSE5 ROBBERSTAD, b. 22.desember.1955.
ii. TRON ROBBERSTAD, b. 22.juni.1958.
iii. MORTEN ROBBERSTAD, b. 7.mars.1967.
iv. THOMAS ROBBERSTAD, b. 17.april.1969.=20
20. KARI RIGMOR4 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 9.desember.1930 in Stavanger. She
married ANSGARGARD CHRISTOPHERSEN 1952.
20Children of KARI ROBBERSTAD and ANSGARGARD CHRISTOPHERSEN are:
i. BERNT GARD5 CHRISTOPHERSEN, b. 11.juni.1953.
ii. ATLE CHRISTOPHERSEN, b. 17.april.1956.
iii. STINE C=HRISTOPHERSEN, b. 15.oktober.1960. 20
21. BERIT BJØRG4 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 22.april.1934. She married PER
SIGVE FORGAARD 1959, son of HARALD FORGAARD.
20Children of BERIT ROBBERSTAD and PER FORGAARD are:
i. HARALD5 FORGAARD, b. 3.april.1960.
ii. ERIK FORGAARD, b. 7.september.1961; m. CESILIE EIK.
iii. ANNE CATHRINE FORGAARD, b. 25.april.1964.
iv. NINA FORGAARD, b. 2.mars.1968. 20
22. TURID4 ROBBERSTAD (KNUT3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1)
was born 9.mars.1938. She married SVEN ANDREAS FORGAARD 1962.
20Children of TURID ROBBERSTAD and SVEN FORGAARD are:
i. VIBEKE5 FORGAARD, b. 2.oktober.1964.
ii. TRYGVE FORGAARD= b. 25.april.1967.
iii. ANDREAS FORGAARD, b. 16.february.1970.=20
23.RALPH4 ROBBERSTAD (TRYGVE3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 22.december.1937. He married
BILLIE JUNE WEBB 1964.in Seattle Washington
20Children of RALPH4 ROBBERSTAD and BILLIE are:
i JOHN5 ROBBERSTAD, b.20.February.1968.Washington.m.JENNIFER NEWMAN.20.February.1999.Seattle.Wa.
ii.BRIAN ROBBERSTAD, b.14.February.1970.Washington.m.KATHY SLAY.
iii.LISA ROBBERSTAD, b.5.February.1973.Washington.m.GLEN BORS.
20Children of LISA ROBBERSTAD AND RYAN STEPHENS out of weblock are:
i.MARY STEPHENS, b.1.December.1989.Seattle,Wa (dotter of RYAN STEPHENS)
ii.KATIE STEPHENS,b.30.October.1990.Renton,Wa(dotter of RYAN STEPHENS)
24. MARTHA INGRID4 ROBBERSTAD (TRYGVE3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1). She married ROLF BRENDAL.
20Children of MARTHA ROBBERSTAD and ROLF BRENDAL are:
i. PAUL5 BRENDAL.
ii.MAREEN BRENDAL. =20
25. DORAINE4 ROBBERSTAD (TRYGVE3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 8.april.1933. She married
20Child of DORAINE ROBBERSTAD and DANTE CENNELLI is:
i. 4 BARN=5 CENNELLI. =20
26. KAARE4 ROBBERSTAD (ARNE MONRAD3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 8.mai.1937.
He married ELSE-MARIE MESKELAND 1959 in Laik Fores Illinios USA.
20Children of KAARE ROBBERSTAD and ELSE-MARIE ESKELAND are:
i. JON ERIC5 ROBBERSTAD, b. 21.september.1962, California.
ii. ANNE KRESTINE ROBBERSTAD, b.21.february.1967, Oslo. =20
27. IDA JANKEN4 ROBBERSTAD (MARTHON BERNHART3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 6.september.1949. She married JOHAN GABRIL JANSEN
20Child of IDA ROBBERSTAD and JOHAN JANSEN is:
i. IDA MERETHE5 JANSEN. 20
28. KNUT INGE4 ROBBERSTAD (MARTHON BERNHART3, KNUT2, KNUT INGEBRIGTSON1) was born 3.september.1945. He married LIV
20Child of KNUT ROBBERSTAD and LIV MARGRETHE is:
i. LASSE5 ROBBERSTAD, b. 1970.